21st Century Hydrocarbon Refinery

The place to end oil dependence1 is at the oil refinery. The job of the oil refinery is to break down the crude oil (chemical splitting) at the molecular level, by separating the molecules and then recombining them in such a way that they become useful fuels and chemicals. The refinery only needs a cheap source of … Read more

Water For Algae Farms

The earth will never experience a real water shortage because over 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by the oceans of the world—the average ocean depth is greater than two miles. The volume of water in the oceans is large enough to cover the world’s continents with seawater to a depth of five miles … Read more

Oil and The Iraq War

If the Iraq war had ended within 18 months, as the supporters of the war believed it would, then the Bush Presidency might have been honored as visionary. But, that did not happen. Perhaps if the Vietnam War had ended successfully within a year or two, then-President Johnson would be considered a hero and a … Read more

Soil Carbon

Not all carbon in biomass is recycled back to the atmosphere. Forest fires and brush fires leave charcoal (biochar) behind. It takes years for biochar to oxidize when exposed directly to the atmosphere. And, when biochar becomes buried beneath the surface of the earth (soil carbon) it can take centuries, or millennia, to oxidize. Biochar … Read more

Sustainable Clean Energy Future

“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” Environmental extremists confuse energy … Read more